Posts Tagged ‘care’

About the Hospital

Tuesday, June 8th, 2010

In the Middle Ages Medical Knowledge was based  on a world view in which Destiny, Sin, and Astral influences played an important role. An Illness was a Re-Action of God to a Sin caused by the Act of an Evil Spirit. People believed in Destiny and Predestination.

At that time the belief in Heaven and Hell was total. Medieval Peasants were taught that the only way to Heaven and salvation was via the Church. Therefore people worked on Church land for free.

Money dues were paid to the church for baptism, marriage and death. Also every year, each family paid a tenth of its yearly worth to the Church. Such an income made the Church fabulously wealthy and powerful. It gained vast areas of land and it was on this land that monasteries were built.

The word ‘hospital’ derives from the Latin ‘hospes’, meaning stranger, foreigner, or guest.  Hospitals were originally created as a Hostel for the Entertainment of travelers, but were later refounded as hospital for the sick. In the Middle Ages the cheapest place to find a cure was the Hospital of a Monasterie.

The Medieval Value System was based on the Seven Acts of Mercy ( Feed the hungry, Give drink to the thirsty, Clothe the naked, Shelter the Homeless, Visit the sick, Visit the imprisoned, Bury the dead) established by Pope Innocentius III (1198-1216).

The Monastries were obliged to take care for the travelling pilgrims for free. Many sick people stayed at the hospitals of the monasteries to recover (or to die).

Seven Acts of Mercy

The Seven Acts of Mercy

At the end of the Middle Ages the Merchants of the Big Cities took over the Power of the Church of Rome. The income of the Church went down dramatically. The amount of poor (and sick) people moving to the Big Cities increased and the Costs of the Free of Charge Hospitals went up.

At the Council of Trent (1545) the Church of Rome decided that the Cities would take over the responsibility and the payment for the Hospitals. From that time on the Hospitals were run by the Merchants as a Commercial Company. The Seven Acts of Mercy lost their meaning. The only thing that counted was making Profit.

The Council of Trent

The Council of Trent

The managers of the Hospitals made a distinction between paying and poor non-paying patients. The patients with an income  had to pay for their food and everything else that was needed. The sick poor people were put into Almshouses who were paid out of the charity of the Rich.

At that time the Guilds became a very important power in the Cities. They regulated just like the Unions today almost everything to avoid competition and took care of the Healthcare and Education of their members.


The Hospitals even made money with the Sale of the Dead body of a poor person to an Anatomical Theatre. The Theatre was used for Entertainment and the Education of the Guild of Surgeons.

anatomical lesson

The Rich People were treated in their Own Houses by the Doctores Medicinae, educated at the University. The Doctores used a Medical Theory that was based on Analogy (the Four Humors ). This system looks a lot like the Ancient Practice of Chinese Medicine. The System of the Four Humors was based on Four Personality Types. At that time it was believed that the Mind, the Spirit, was more important than the Body.

The patients were mostly treated with herbs that carried the “signature” of the Disease (Homeopathy).  The “dirty” work was done by Barbers (Bloodletting) and Surgeons who were part of the Guild System. The Bloodletting Points have a lot in common with the Acupuncture Points of Chinese Medicine.

The System of the Four Humors was abondoned by the Medical Profession at the End of the 19th century but is still used in Psychology (Archetypes of Jung, Interpersonal Theory, Big Five).

The BloodLetting Points

The BloodLetting Points

In the 19th Century in the Middle of the Industrial Revolution the Quality of the Medical System was at its deepest point in History.

The Factories took over the work of the Guilds who until that time took care of the Healthcare of their members. In the Big Cities the Owners of the Factories took over control. Some of them started to create Healtcare Facilities for their own Factory Workers.

Many people moved to the big cities to find work and failed to do this. The hygiene in the Cities with its open sewers was very low.  Epidemic after epidemic hit the highly vulnarable poor population of the cities.

The Symbol of the Daughter of Charity, the Heart Chakra

The Symbol of the Confrerie de Charité, the Immaculate Heart of Mary, the Heart Chakra.

The innovation of the Health System began in France. In 1617 Vincent de Paul started the Confrerie de Charité. The Daugthers of Charity were rich unmarried women who devoted their lifes to the care of poor and sick people.

In 1633 the first nursing school was started by Louise Legas-de Marillac. In 1836 Theodor Fliedner in Germany together with Elisabeth Fry in England founded a comparable institute of young women of the Protestant Faith called the Deaconesses.

From that time on the Catholic and Protestant Nurses started to reorganize the Medical System. Hundreds of new Hospitals were created in Europe, Asia and the United States.

soers vincent paul

Vincent de Paul and the Daugthers of Charity

In the first half of the 20th century, medicine was completely revolutionized with the explosion of the use of medical technology.

Some of the medical technologies invented in this period were the thermometer, the stethoscope, the microscope, the ophthalmoscope, the laryngoscope, and the x-ray. With these medical devices, doctors were able to Sense parts of the patient’s body such as lungs, and hearts. In the beginning the specialists created their own diagnostic centres with their big tools in the center.


Physicians in early 19th century mostly practiced General Medicine including Mental Diseases. At that time the Church was still the most important factor in the Cure of Mental Diseases.

In England at the beginning of the nineteenth century there were, a few thousand ‘lunatics‘ housed in a variety of disparate institutions. After the Creation of the Psychiatric Specialism by 1900 that figure had grown to about 100,000.

When a Specialism is created it creates its own diseases and of course its own patients. The Health Care Industy generates its own Market.

Because of medical technology the  development of specialities occured at a very fast rate. In 1930s, 1 out of every 4 doctors was a medical specialist. By 1980, 4 out of 5 doctors were specialists. The extreme specialization of the Physicians created a highly fragmented view on the Human Body and the Human Mind.

At this moment every small part of the Human is analyzed and treated but the effects of the treatment on the other parts is often not known. This  generates Side-Effects which create knew diseases which create new diseases.


In the late 19th and early 20th centuries apothecaries started to produce their own drugs in small factories. Later these small factories where joined into one big Chemical Plant. One of the most powerfull conglomerates in the Health Care Industry,  IG Farben ,was created in 1926 in Germany.

At this moment the Pharmaceutical Industry is the most important Power in the Medical Ecology. It influences governments, customers and physicians in their decisions to diagnose and cure a disease. To sell their drug the companies create and promote new diseases.

The main effect of this development is that a huge part of the treatment of patients is based on “chemical warfare” against sometimes artificial created enemies.

Pavillion Hospital

Pavillion Hospital

Until the end of the 19th Century Hospitals looked like Churches. The main function of the Hospitals was to Take Care of the Sick, the task of the Sisters of Charity, the Nurses. The Physicians did not play an important role. At the end of the 19th Century the Medical Profession was not highly valued.

When the Specialized Diagnostic Centres were created the Hospitals changed into a Pavillion. The Patients were moved from Center to Center. At that time the Medical Specialists took over the power in the Hospital. It was also the moment when the System of the Sisters of Charity started to dissolve. Taking Care became a Profession instead of a vocation although many Nurses are still “called” to their profession.

In the last step the Diagnostic, Operational and Care centres of the hospital were fused into one Big Highly Specialized Integrated Building.

What is Happening?

Many people are highly dissatisfied with the Current Medical System. They know that the Fragmented Technological  Approach will not solve the problems of their Whole Body and Mind. A huge amount of money is spend at so called Alternative Medicine. This field is just like the Current Medical System highly fragmented and the quality of the practioners is not clear.

What we need is a new approach in which the Reactive Fragmented World of Western Technology and the Preventive Eastern Word of Wholeness are United.

What is Going to Happen?

Medical Technology will  take over Medicine just like Technology will taken over every other Profession.

It will not take long until an Intelligent Diagnostic System will be much Smarter than every Specialist on Earth.

It will not take long until there are portable Sensors that are able to Measure everything that is happening in Your Body.

It will not take long until the Diagnostic System will send you the Medicine (or an Advise) you need long before you even think about going to the Doctor.

A complementary approach to the Western Reactive mostly “Chemical approach is the Eastern Preventive approach.

In this case the Electro Magnetic (Chi) Field of the Body will play an important role. The E/M Field of your Body is the most sensitive system. It can easily be used to balance all the other Systems.

Of course we have to integrate Body (Medicine) and Mind (Psychology) in our Preventive Approach.  The State of Mind of a Person is one of the most important causes of a disease.

It will not take a long time until the Sensors will be able to detect a fatal State of Stress in your Body caused by your Mind.

It will not take long until the People with an Intuitive Medical Talent, the Healers, will become more important than Highly Advanced Diagnostic Tools.

It will not take long before the Preventive Approach will completely take over the Reactive Approach.

If this happens we don’t need the Healthcare System anymore.

What will Happen with the Hospital?

At this moment big investments are made in huge Hospitals. If the Future develops the way it goes these Big Buildings will not be needed anymore.

Treatment and Care will take place in your own House just as happened with the Rich People in the Past.

The only question is.

Will there be enough Caretakers (Nurses?)  to Take Care of you or will the Robots take over their task?

Perhaps we have to revive the Daughters (and Sons?) of Charity!


Why Stress is the cause of many diseases

About the Calvinistic Work Ethic

About Smart Sensor Systems

About Acupuncture and the E/M-Field

About the History of Psychiatry

About the Four Personality Types

About Vocation

About the Industrial Revolution

About the History of IG Farben

Why We Need a Recession to Move to a Social Society

Friday, June 27th, 2008

In the Netherlands there is a discussion going on about a possible shortage of working power. In the near future there will be an abundance of old people (the baby-boomers) and a shortage of young people. The strange thing is that there are really enough people available to do what is needed but they are not qualified to do the job.

Everybody has to work. Parents with young children need external help to take care of their children. To make this possible the government is giving parents a tax benefit. To get this benefit the parents have to use an accredited childcare institution. The tax benefit created a huge demand for accredited child care. The huge demand created a shortage in certified experts. The booming childcare business has created a budget problem.

When I was young life was simple. Mothers took care of the children. Fathers went to work. Mothers were not paid to take care of the children.

When you move childcare from the “for free” to the “paid” zone of society you have to determine what an expert needs to know and what she or he has to do. You are formalizing childcare. Most of the people that are out of work are unable to acquire a certificate to work in the child-care business. The norms are too high.

You also need buildings, transport, managers, laws, law-enforcers, advisors, quality management systems, controllers, bookkeepers and many others things to create an institution. We are generating a higher level of activity in society than before.

When childcare was not formalized everybody was qualified to raise children. When the norms are formulated it becomes very clear that the people who were doing the task (the parents) can be divided into two groups the not-educated people and the educated people.

This starts a discussion about childcare in general. The end of the discussion is a new institution that is taking care of parents that are unable to raise children and the parents themselves. Again we are generating a higher level of activity in society than before.

What is really happening is a formalization of society. Society is moving from a stage where people were helping each other to a stage where you have to be paid to get help. Every interpersonal activity is changed into a transaction. When interpersonal activities are changed into a transaction people lose the feeling of responsibilty for the whole.

Transactional relationships are aimed at the short term. When you pay a person directly you don’t have to pay back in the future. Transactions destroy long-term reciprocity.

When you are rich you are able to pay for every thing. When you are poor you are unable to do this unless you are helped by others or by government. Government has to create laws and the laws contain conditions. When Government is paying you, you have to do something in return.

When you are out of work you have to do the work government is telling you to do. To work you always have to leave your house and go to another place. When you have to work you are unable to take care of your children.

The real problem is that we are too active in the formalized area of society. We are doing things that could be done in a more natural way. Taking care of others is a natural tendency of the human being. To do this we simply need more time.

To generate work we have created an immense not productive workforce in society, called the social services sector. A social service is really not social at all. It is a formalization of social activities. Social activities are managed by the emotions.

Formalized Emotions are very different from the Emotional Emotions. A formalized relationship is managed by a contract, procedures and norms. A social relationship is for free and is based on friendship and reciprocity.

When I was young life was simple. Children took care of their parents when they were old. The children were not paid to take care of their parents. Now their children are unable to help their parents and their parents are unable to help their children. Both are too busy or unable to help. Some of them are even not allowed to help because they have to stay busy in the formalized part of society.

The people who are unable to get a qualification are constantly trained by government. Many of them are unable to get a “usefull certificate“. Because they have to “work” they are not allowed to take care of their children. The care for their children is taken over by professionals paid by government.

The experts are getting a salary that is much higher than the unemployed ever could get. Perhaps the government could pay parents to take care of their own children and pay children to help their own parents.

I hope you see we are creating a spiralling loop and the end of the line is an imaginary disaster. It is an imaginary disaster because the problem is easily solved by reducing the amount of activities in society until people are able to help other people without being paid.

I hope you now understand why we need a recession. We need a recession to move to a more social society.


About Vocation

About Calvinism