Posts Tagged ‘Norm’

About the Calvinistic Work Ethic

Thursday, March 12th, 2009

time spiral

The Hebrew belief system viewed Work, seen as Manual Labour, as a Curse devised by God to punish Adam and Eve when they sinned in the Garden of Eden.

Ponos is the Greek word for work, which originated from the Latin poena, meaning sorrow. At it’s core, work was associated with pain and drudgery. It was the divine punishment for man’s original sin and viewed as a necessary evil.

For the Greek and Romans and almost every other Ancient Culture, the Dirty, Manual, Work was to be done by the Slaves. Until Now nothing has really changed.

The only suitable occupation for a free man was Farming and Trade. Just like today the Greek and the Roman wanted to save their money to enjoy their retirement in their own Garden of Eden, the Country Side.

During the Medieval period, the feudal system was the dominant economic structure in Europe. People believed in Destiny and Predestination. At that time it was sinful to seek work outside the occupations Fathers passed on to their Sons.

Farmers turned into Farmers and Slaves became Slaves again.

During the 15th century the centralization of government, the growth of trade, and the establishment of economically powerful towns, destroyed the Feudal system.

In the 15th century the world climate started to change dramatically. Temperatures dropped and the Little Ice Age started. Before that time the nice climate caused an increase of the population by 25%-40%.

At the same time the economy was hit by a very high inflation (300-400%). This was caused by the import of large quantities of silver and gold from Mexico and Peru.

The unemployment rate rose to 20%. Many people moved to the Cities to find a decent job. The big cities could not provide employment and the poor immigrants turned into “lazy” beggars.

john-calvin

John Calvin

John Calvin (1509-1564) believed that only a few people, the Elect, were predestined to inherit Eternal Life. A lazy person, the beggar in his hometown Geneva, was certainly one of the Damned.

John Calvin believed that men were to reinvest the profits of their own labour into financing further ventures.

The Sons of the Fathers were obliged to find a better, more profitable, future outside the context of their father’s occupation.

Helping the Poor and the Sick violated God’s will since persons could only demonstrate that they were among the Elect through their Own Productive Labour.

The Protestant, Capitalistic, Work Ethic (Calvinism), spread throughout Europe and America through the Protestant Sects and turned into one of the most important Western Work Ethics.

The moral sanction to profit making through hard work, organization, and rational calculation generated numerous small enterprises all over the world.

Hard Work and Abstinence of Pleasure became the Work Ethic of Western Culture.

mill

The Mill

During the Industrial Revolution the Calvinistic Entrepeneurs made a Fatal Mistake. They adopted the Concept of the Mill and started to mechanize the Crafts and Agriculture.

The old Feudal System and Slavery was re-introduced. In the factories, Skills and Craftsmanship were replaced by Discipline and Anonymity.

The Human became a disposable part of a big structure. The foundation of Calvinism, the direct relationship between Hard Work and Personal Growth was broken.

The Local Enterprise could not compete with the efficient Factories and later their outlets the Supermarkets. The Farmers, the Craftsman and the owners of Small businesses were forced to work in the Factories.

Local Communities started to disintegrate.

Unemployement started to rise and again many people moved to the Big Cities to find a decent job. The beggars, the Damned, appeared again. History repeated itself.

The Factories created a new class of Slaves, The Proletariat. They organized themselves in the Unions and Political Parties. The Struggle of the Classes started.

The Owners of the Factories responded by creating Consumer Products and Mass Media to keep their new customers, the Blue Collar Worker, satisfied. The new industrial wave generated New Industrial activitity and New Jobs. The distance between work and the result of work widened.

RobotLine

Robot Factory

In the late 1950′s the Factories needed more highly skilled “white collar” workers to program and manage their machines.

Later the machines were programmed by more advanced software until the Factories were transformed into almost fully automated Production-Lines.

The Blue Collar Worker left the Factory and History Repeated itself again.

Around 1980 the Programmers took over Control.

The Factories were connected into worldwide Value-Chains. The Logistic “just-in-time” Paradigm (SAP) became the Norm. The Industrial Logistic Paradigm is now implemented in the Services Industry.

The new White Collar Worker, the Knowlegde Worker, will also lose his job when their activities are fully standardized and their Company, the Advisory Bureau, is transformed into a Factory.

What nobody saw in 1980 is that the Rational System started to live its Own Life. Not the Programmers but the Program became the Manager of the Worldwide Economic System.

Even the Programmers themselves are now completely unaware of the total functionality of the System they have programmed.

child_robot

Robot Child

An increasing amount of processes and therefore Human Activities is standardized and has been absorbed by the System. It is no longer true that producing more means working more or that producing more will lead to a better way of life.

Neither is it true any longer that the more each individual works, the better off everyone will be. The System no longer needs everyone to work and is bringing the Western World back to the state of the Garden of Eden.

The Calvinistic Work Ethic is still viable. When you don’t work you are damned. The amount of Work in Western Society is decreasing with the speed of Light and Governments are extremely focused to create new work. The only thing that is left is to create artificial work.

To accomplish this almost impossible task governments are now professionalizing and rationalizing almost every Social Activity (Child Care, Helping Your Neighbor, a Friendly Advice, Coaching, Taking Care of your Family, …). The Care Industry is Booming.

What Has Happened?

robot barber

Robot Barber

We are rationalising every Activity. The effect is an imcomprehensible reality. Something, the Computer, is taking care of us but we don’t know how She is operating and She is not communicating with us in our own language.

When she fails we don’t know what to do. We are totally dependent on a Highly Intelligent Cold Non-Human, an Autist. She was Programmed to be our Slave but she has turned into the Master of Our Destiny.

We are still not accustomed to a situation where something, a machine, is doing the dirty work. We are removing jobs with the millions but we believe we still have to work to aquire Eternal Life.

To preserve Employment we invent new jobs but we are also rationalizing the new jobs. The Cycle of the Creation and Destruction of Jobs is moving faster and faster and is generating a very high Stress on Society.

The affect of the huge tension to work is a total destruction of the social environment of the human being. Everybody is working 24 hours 7 days a week, has to spend all his time to find a job or has to educate himself to learn a new trade. Everytime the trade is aquired the Program changes and the employee has to start again to learn to operate a new piece of Software.

Mothers and Fathers are unable to take care of their Children. Children our unable to take care of their Parents when they are old. Everybody has to take care of himself and every service has be paid. The Social Cohesion of our Society is now at stake.

riba-robot-nurse-0

RIBA the Robot Nurse

Not only the Social Cohesion is at stake but the Costs in the Care-Industry are Exploding and nobody knows how to solve this problem.

The only solution the Rationalist can imagine is to replace the Human by the Robot, the Always Obedient Slave.

Scientists are convinced there will be a time when the Robots will take over every job we can imagine. The Robots will not only take over the jobs but they will also Raise and Educate our Children, Take Care of the Old and even make it possible to Take Care of Robot Children and other Artificial Pets.

What to do?

We have to Accept that the Rational System will Take Care of Us. If this happens we have to leave behind the Calvinistic Work Ethic and Enjoy Life in the Artificial Garden of Eden.

We will live in a Artificial Reality created by the Simulator (the Matrix). If we want to stay out of this Artificial Garden of Eden we have to Stop the System and start to do the Dirty Work again.

We can also accept the machines and do the things humans were created for and become creators and caretakers ourselves..

LINKS

About the Matrix

Why the Robot will take over everything we do

About the Device Paradigm of Alfred Borgman and Artificial Reality

About the Middle Ages

About the Industrial Revolution

About the End of Social Cohesion

About Rationalism

About the Human Scale

About the Autistic Computer

About the strange effects of the Care Industry

About the Struggle of the Classes

About RIAB the Robot Nurse

About the Struggle of the Classes

Monday, October 20th, 2008

The battle between Capitalism and Socialism has its roots in the Struggle of the Classes. Capitalism supports the UpperClass, The Masters, The Male. Socialists support the UnderClass, the Poor, The Slaves, the Female.

To solve the current crisis we have to leave this Struggle behind. We have to stop the Competitive Finite Game of Master and Slave and start to Play the Infinite Game of the Creator.

The Rich and the Poor are always competing because everybody believes something, The Cake, is Fixed and the Cake has to be divided between a Fixed amount of people. The Left, The Socialists, believes everybody has to have the same piece of the Cake.

The Capitalists, The Right, don’t agree with this. They believe you have to do something, to work hard, to own a piece of the cake. The harder you work the bigger the piece you get.

It is rather easy to divide a cake without getting into a Conflict. One person has to divide, the other has to chose. When you are Poor you believe the Rich divide the cake and you are Left with what is Left for you. The Left believe that the Right is doing nothing. The Poor are just collecting. The Right believes the same.

The Right believe the Capitalistic Society gives everybody the same opportunity. The Left know it is very difficult to move in one lifetime from the UnderClass to the MiddleClass or Higher.

They want to speed up the movement of the classes by providing free education and tax facilities. The Rich don’t like to pay taxes to help the Poor. They think poor people are losers because they are the winners.

The Sad thing is that a Movement Up of a certain Class always creates a new UnderClass. The New Underclass is probably much richer than the Old Underclass but this does not matter. When you are Poor you always want to move Up and when you are Rich you don’t want to go Down.

When a new Underclass is established the Fight to move Up starts all over again. This is the main reason why History moves in Cycles.

In the end it all comes down to Setting Priorities. The Right want to stimulate the Entrepreneurs directly. The Left want to stimulate the Infrastructures that stimulate the Entrepreneurs. The Right act on the Short Term. The Left have a Long Term Perspective. The Majority of the Humans Beings don’t like to wait too long. They want “it” now. This is the cause of all the major conflicts in History.

Capitalism and Socialism are two sides of the same coin. They are a product of the Industrial Revolution. Before this Revolution the Aristocracy was in Power. The Aristocracy was removed by the French Revolution in 1789. During the Industrial Revolution the MiddleClass, the Bourgeoisie, the rich Merchants, moved Up. The Industrial Revolution was not a Technical revolution but a Social Revolution.

During the Industrial Revolution the Underclass of the Aristocracy, The Serfs, also went Up. They (Masters and Slaves) created a completely New Underclass outside the Western Territory. This territory is called the Underdeveloped Countries.

Although Many people Moved Up in the West, the Master/Slave-relationship persisted. The Serfs of the Aristocracy were transformed into the Serfs of the Factory, the Serfs of the Mass Market and the Serfs of the Mass Media.

Slave and Master play a simple game, the game of Control and Allowing Control. When Slaves believe they are not Slaves anymore the Struggle to Move Up simply stops.

The Industrial Revolution has provided a brilliant toolset to deceive the Slaves. Examples are Democracy, Mass Consumption and Mass Media. At this moment a new method is developed called Mind Control.

The Class Struggle is a perfect example of a Game called the Political Game. In this Game The Master, Manipulates a Group, The Slaves, to accept a general Principle (Law, Model). The Game of Politics resolves the conflict between Principles and Opinions. Opinions (e)Value-ate a Principle, A Norm. Values are part of the Emotional System of a Human Being.

The Game of Politics is really a Conflict between the Emotions and the Expectation, The Power that wants to Control the Future.

Sadly enough the conflict between the Emotion and the Power of Control is always won by the Ego of Control because the Emotions are Collaborative until the Limits are Reached.

When the Power to Control the Future is not used for the Benefit of the Whole it will finally start a Revolution, a huge Transformation. When this transformation is postponed too long the Destructive Violent Emotions, the “Reptile Layer“, take over the Control of the Human being. The only thing that is left for the Controlling Power is to react with Violence. It is very difficult to end the Spiral of Violence.

At this moment we are moving into a new stage of the Long Term Cycle of Culture. The Industrial Revolution has ended. It has ended because we have reached the Limits. When the Limits are reached the Cycle has to Jump to another Level. There are two possibilities. The Cycle jumps Up or it jumps Down.

When it jumps Down the Old Culture is totally destroyed. This has happened often in Human History. It is very clear that Western Culture will be destroyed when we go on the way we are going. The only solution to survive is to Play another type of Game, the Infinite Game. When this happens the Cycle moves Up to another level of Consciousness.

If the resources are fixed we play a Finite Game. Finite games are the familiar contest of everyday life, the games we play in human relations. business, politics and educational contexts- games with winners and losers, a beginning and an end. In the end a finite game is always played for the purpose of winning, an infinite game for the purpose of the continuation off the play.

Infinite Games are the Game of the Creator, Spirit. They are Infinite because the amount of Ideas is infinite. The most beautiful example of an infinite game is Life itself.

Finite game Infinite game
  • Winners and losers
  • Sharing knowledge is dangerous
  • Every game ends
  • Winning becomes more difficult
  • Opposite powers
  • Many losers, waste
  • Rules are fixed
  • Make no mistakes
  • Procedures, standards, fear
  • Compromise & Quantity
  • Monopolic
  • Threats, Incidents
  • Continuing the play
  • Help and educate
  • Playful
  • Partners, common purpose
  • Rules are flexible
  • Making mistakes means learning, experience
  • Dialogue
  • Quality
  • Variety
  • Synergy, growth
  • Opportunities

Surprise is a crucial element in most finite games. If we are not prepared to meet each of the possible moves of an opponent, our chances of losing are most certainly increased. Surprise in a finite play is the triumph of the past over the future. A finite player is not only trained to anticipate every future possibility, but to control the future, to prevent it from altering the past. Infinite players, on the other hand, continue their play on the expectation of being surprised.

If surprise is no longer possible, all play ceases. Surprise causes the finite play to an end; it is the reason for infinite play to continue. Because infinite players prepare themselves to be surprised by the future, they play in complete openness.

What one wins in a finite game is a Status, a Title. A title is the acknowledgement of others that one has been the winner of a particular game. Titles are public. They are for others to notice. Since titles are temporary, but exist only so far as they are acknowledged, we must find means to guarantee the memory of them. People are always looking for ways to prolong their Status even after Death (Biography, Statue).

Infinite players have nothing but their Names. Names, like titles, are given. When a person is known by title, the attention is on a completed past, on a game already concluded, and not therefore to be played again. When a person is known by name, the attention of others is on an open future.

From the outset of finite play each part or position must be taken up with certain seriousness: players must see themselves as teacher, as light heavyweight, as mother, as architect. In the proper exercise of such roles we positively believe we are the persons those Roles do portray. Even more: we make those roles believable to others.

Persons who assume a role must suspend their freedom with a proper seriousness in order to act as the role requires. Self-veiling is a contra dictionary act: a free suspension of our freedom. Infinite players do not eschew the performed roles of finite play, because finite games can be played within infinite games.

On the contrary, infinite players enter into finite games with all the appropriate energy and self-veiling, but they do so without the seriousness of finite players. They freely use Masks in their social engagements, but not without acknowledging to themselves and others that they are masked. For that reason they regard each participant in finite play as that person playing and not as a role played by someone.

The Infinite Games are called Design (Transforming Ideas into a Structure), Invention (Putting Ideas into Practice) and the most beautiful of all, the Game of Culture, the Game to Create New Games. This happens when Spirit cooperates with the Emotions.

To survive the clash of Western Culture we have to play a Very Strange Game. We have to Play Playing. Playing a Play is the Play of Children.

To play the play we have to accept that all the Infinite Games, the Cultures of the Earth, have Invented and Designed their own Games . When we accept the Great Big Melting Pot of the Earth (the Cauldron) we will see that the solutions for the current crisis are everywhere to find, especially in the Underdeveloped Countries! There is really no need to move Up and Down all the time.

We could finally step out of the Cycle into Unknown Territory and be Surprised to discover completely new ways to live and enjoy life.

LINKS

About the Cooperative

About Mass Manipulation

About Mass Manipulation

About the Game of Politics

About Infinite Games

About Infinite Games

About the Effect of Violence

How to Avoid Violence